Exoplanet Detection: The Radial Velocity Method
Exoplanets detection simulation. Radial Velocity Method model simulates the detection of exoplanets by using the radial velocity method and the Doppler effect. In this simulation the exoplanet orbits the star (sun-sized) in circular motion via Kepler's third law. The radial velocity of the star is determined from the velocity of the exoplanet.
This velocity is then used to calculate the Doppler shift of the Fraunhofer lines of the star. In practice it is the Doppler shift of the Fraunhofer lines of the star that are detected and from this the radial velocity is inferred. From this the mass and orbital period and average exoplanet-star separation are determined. In the simulation the star-exoplanet system is shown as seen from Earth (edge on view) and from space (overhead view), and with the star and exoplanet sizes not shown to the scale of the orbit. In addition, the Fraunhofer lines are shown.
The radial velocites of stars are such that the Doppler shifts are small, to compensate you may snap to the Na line and use the right-hand side slider to zoom in on that line to see wavelength shift. The mass of the exoplanet (relative to the mass of Jupiter), the average star-exoplant separation (in AU), and the inclination of the system relative to Earth can be changed.
The simulation uses Java 3D, if installed, to render the view the star and exoplanet. If Java 3D is not installed, the simulation will default to simple 3D using Java.
1. Time Step: sets the time step so that the simulation can be sped up or slowed down to allow for faster times.
2. M/M_J Slider: changes the mass of the exoplanet (relative to the mass of Jupiter).
3. a (AU) Slider: changes the average star-exoplant separation (in AU).
4. Inclination Slider (right-hand side of the Earth View): changes the inclination of the system relative to Earth (default value is edge on).
5. Shift Fraunhoffer lines Slider (bottom of Fraunhofer lines View): shift the spectrum to the left or right for better viewing.
6. Snap to NA(bottom of Fraunhofer lines View): centers the spectrum on the Na line.?This is useful when zooming in wavelength.
7. Zoom Slider (right of Fraunhofer lines View): zooms in wavelength so that the Doppler shifts can bee seen.
The license of this software is Freeware, you can free download and free use this graphing software.